From AD 330 to 356 King Ezana ruled the ancient Aksumite kingdom in the Horn of Africa. Ezana fought against the Nubians and recorded his victories on stone written in Ge'ez (the ancient Ethiopian language), Sabaean (South Arabian) and Greek praising God for his victories. His carvings in stone provided a trilingual monument in different languages, similar to the Rosetta stone.
The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church had its beginnings at this time. Rufinus's Ecclesiastical History narrates that Saint Frumentius, a slave and tutor for the very young King, converted him to Christianity. Towards the end of his reign, King Ezana launched a campaign against the Kushites around 350 which brought down the Kingdom of Kush; various stone inscriptions written in Ge'ez (using the Ge'ez script) have been found at MeroŽ, the central city of the Kushites.
(Important note: All photographs, except where mentioned, are copyrighted as of October 8, 2012, by Darrel and Betty Hagberg. Please request permission to use and please credit them).