History of the TSS Lapland
Achille DeClerck and Palmyra Robaeys DeClerck left the Port of Antwerp, Belgium on 27 July 1911, on board the Red Star Liner, TSS Lapland (TSS meaning Trans-Atlantic Steam Ship). Little did they know that they would never again return to their homeland.
In 1871, the Red Star Line was formed by a group of financiers from Philadelphia. These financiers were involved in the railroad business in America and wanted to integrate the transatlantic shipping business into their railroad business operating out of Philadelphia. The Red Star Line would be an extension of the Pennsylvania Railroad. In later years, the line brought passengers directly to New York. The line operated under the Belgium Flag with an American Crew. Ships that were built for the line had names ending in “land.” Other ships that were charter or transferred to the Red Star Line did not follow this naming convention. The following is a history of the TSS Lapland.
1908-1914 Red Star Line
The "Lapland" was built in 1908 and launched on June 27, 1908, by Harland & Wolff, Belfast for the Red Star Line of Antwerp. She was a 17,540 gross ton ship, 605.8 feet in length with a beam 70.4 feet. She had two funnels, four masts, twin screws, and a speed of 17-18 knots. She was powered by quadruple expansion engines. The "Lapland" could accommodate 450 first, 400 second, and 1,500 third class passengers. Her maiden voyage was on April 10, 1909, from Antwerp to Dover, England, and then onto New York. She became flag ship of the Red Star Line and was the largest Red Star Line ship and largest Belgium ship at that time. While she had the appearance of her sister ships:
In April 1912, Lapland made headlines when she brought home 167 crew members who had survived Titanic's sinking. She would later become even more intimately involved with the White Star Line. She started her last voyage for the Red Star Line on July 4, 1914. After the start of World War I, on September 1, 1914, she commenced sailing between Liverpool and New York. In late 1914, after Antwerp was occupied by the German army, "Lapland" was placed in White Star's service in England.
1914-1919 White Star Line
Lapland was placed in White Star's service, on the Liverpool-New York route, with Zeeland and Vaderland. On October 29, 1914, the "Lapland" commenced Liverpool - New York sailings under the British flag while under charter to Cunard Line.
In April 1917, during World War I, she struck a mine off the Mersey Bar Lightship, but managed to reach Liverpool and in June 1917 she was requisitioned as a troop ship and was fitted out to accommodate 3,000 soldiers.
At the war's end in November 1918, Lapland was again placed on White Star's Liverpool-New York route until White Star's own fleet was returned to service. She still retained her Red Star name, but was now painted in White Star colors. She commenced her first voyage On November 23, 1918, when she sailed from Liverpool for New York and on August 7, 1919, she started her sixth and last round voyage on this route.
On September 16, 1919, she was transferred to the Southampton - New York route and made three round voyages, the last starting November 27, 1919.
1919 – 1932 Red Star Line
In 1919, she was refitted to 18,565 gross tons with accommodations for 389 first, 448 second and 1,200 third class passengers. On January 3, 1920, the "Lapland" resumed service for the Red Star Line, but under the British flag. She sailed from Antwerp for Southampton and New York.
With the decline of immigration in the mid-1920's, the "Lapland" was altered to carry a combination of cabin, tourist and 3rd class passengers. From 1926 through 1932, the "Lapland" was used mainly for Mediterranean cruising. On April 1932, she started her last voyage between Antwerp, Southampton, Havre, New York, Cobh and back to Antwerp.
1933-1934 Scrapped in Japan
In October 1933, The "Lapland" was sold to Japanese owners. She was scrapped at Osaka the following year.
Rare Interior Views of the "TSS Lapland"
First Class Reading and Writing Room
Second Class Social Room
Second Class Smoke Room
First Class Smoke Room
Second Class Dining Room
First Class Dining Saloon
First Class Entrance Hall
First Class Lounge
The Ship's Band
Haws' Merchant Fleets; Bonsor's North Atlantic Seaway.
Kludas' Great Passenger Ships of the World.
Passenger Ships of the World past and Present.
North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor, vol.2, p.858.
Postcard Collection of Darrel Hagberg.
Updated on September 17, 2020
Copyright © Darrel and Betty Hagberg, July 4, 2011
All Rights Reserved.